Like painter Salvador Dalí, Tim Jen-ison spent more than five years obsessively poring over details, focusing on minutiae, teaching himself the necessary skills to bring his vision to life. But, unlike Dalí, Jenison's passion waås not an original artwork. In fact, some people may think what Jenison did is rather the anti-art.
Jenison, highly successful in the field of video technology, became intrigued by the work of 17th-century Dutch Master painter Johannes Vermeer. For more than a century, the question of how Vermeer attained such incredible hyperrealism has been hotly contested. In 2006, renowned British artist David Hockney tackled the subject in the book Secret Knowledge: Rediscovering the lost techniques of the Old Masters, which posited that Vermeer and of many of his contemporaries may have used some technological device, perhaps a camera obscura, to help capture scenes in such glowing detail.
Proving the theory became an obsession for Jenison, whose company NewTek gave the world revolutionary 3D graphics software LightWave, among other innovations. He learned Dutch and made several trips to Vermeer's hometown of Delft. He examined x-rays of Vermeer's work to discover the artist did very little sketching underneath the paint. He tinkered with various lenses and camera obscura designs.
Around 2008, he visited longtime pal Penn Jillette, of the comedy-magic duo Penn & Teller, and Jillette quickly became entranced by Jenison's mission as well — so much so he pitched it as a documentary the very next day. The two iconoclasts didn't feel any of their meetings with Hollywood bigwigs went very well, so they enlisted Jillette's performance partner, Teller, to come on board as director, with Jillette producing. Thus Tim's Vermeer, which opens on Friday at the Cedar Lee Theatre, was born.
Early in the movie, Jenison hits upon an original notion apart from Hockney's (or those of another well-known Vermeer-as-technologist proponent, Philip Steadman), that for Vermeer to get such photo-realistic results in color and light, he may have used a small mirror to bounce a reflection of the subject to be painted back to the artist working on his canvas. The small, makeup-sized mirror, positioned just above the canvas, allows the artist to mix color until "the edge of the mirror disappears," indicating the exact color has been achieved.
The final result is, well, I won't spoil it. Let's just say it gives you an appreciation for Vermeer, optical device or not, as well as for Jenison, who stuck with the project for five full years. Jenison has said that he feels about 90 percent sure that Vermeer used a contraption very similar to the optical device he created, but some art historians remain skeptical. While few would call Jenison's Vermeer copy 'art,' after viewing this film, I'd say, based on the passion, curiosity and dedication Jenison displayed, he's certainly an artist ... of some kind.
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