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Areas with high job access rates — in other words, areas that provide residents who live there with reasonable commutes to job areas — should produce higher employment rates. They live near where the jobs are, after all.
According to research by the Cleveland Fed, that's true for 96 metro areas it sampled.
But, it's the exact opposite, reversed relationship in Cleveland.
Most of the neighborhoods within the city of Cleveland have access to at least 40 percent of the metro area’s jobs, with even higher rates of jobs access in the southeastern neighborhoods of Cleveland (Broadway–Slavic Village, Kinsman, Lee–Harvard, Lee–Seville, and Mount Pleasant). Yet in many of these same neighborhoods, less than 50 percent of the male working-age population is employed, a number well below the Cleveland metro-area average of 62.5 percent; female employment rates in these neighborhoods are also well below the metro area average of 55.8 percent.
And the effects are felt disproportionately by Black residents.
Almost 65 percent of the Black residents in the Cleveland metro area live in a neighborhood with access to at least 43 percent of metro area’s jobs. But female employment rates are slightly lower than the metro-area average in these areas, and male employment rates are markedly lower. Next, consider the racial composition of workers in jobs located within a typical commute distance for each quintile. On average across all quintiles, 15.4 percent of these jobs are held by Black workers. This figure increases to more than 20 percent in neighborhoods with high rates of job access. But when compared to the share of neighborhood workforce that is Black (greater than 40 percent), these data show that even though Black neighborhoods tend to have higher rates of job access, Black workers are underrepresented in surrounding employment opportunities: 4 out of 5 jobs are held by non-Black workers.
The causes, according to the Cleveland Fed, are "associated with high levels of residential segregation and misalignments between a neighborhood’s workforce and surrounding employment in terms of race and education."
The policy answers are clear, if difficult to achieve:
Ensure that the benefits of job access can be realized by those living in high job access neighborhoods. In order for the benefits of job access to be realized, solutions must be intentional and strategic regarding race and must focus on improving the alignment of a neighborhood’s workforce and surrounding employment.- Big congrats to Betsy Kling, this year's National Weather Association's Broadcaster of the Year.
- The Cleveland State University campus is in mourning over the loss of its Chili's.
God bless CSU campus pic.twitter.com/9DRm6QkevN— riley.i.am (@Riley_is_amazin) August 24, 2021
- Jim Jordan, perpetual asshole.
- Cuyahoga County Medical Examiner Tom Gilson talked to Ideastream Public Media about the rise of gun violence in Cleveland over recent years, and the rise in extreme gun violence during that period.
“I think one of the concerns I have when I talk about this to people and say firearms violence is up, and they say, 'Oh it’s COVID,' and I’m sort of scratching my head, saying tell me why it’s COVID,” Gilson said. “They’ll say, 'Well people were spending more time together.' But the people who were being victimized by this violence, this isn’t domestic violence.”
Another striking part of this data analysis shows the sheer number of gunshot wounds has also sky-rocketed.
In 1990 there were three people who died with seven or more gunshot wounds. In 2020, that number was 38.
- Two thumbs up, Primoz.
Primoz,,,,,,thank's pic.twitter.com/yfzEpJY3vt— PM2.5 Kills ~9M People Annually (@twkovach) August 27, 2021
- Digit Widget:
24,000 — Boxes of Chubb Crunch sold in the first six days it was available.
10/30 — Date by which all MetroHealth employees must receive their Covid vaccination, according to a new requirement by the hospital.
1890 — The year in which Cleveland last had a lower population than it does today.
1 — Cleveland mayoral candidate (Justin Bibb) who showed up to a forum on gun violence this week.
- What's Scene dining editor Doug Trattner eating this week?
- Vintage photo of the week:
- New local music of the week: Stazia, Elevated