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Thursday, August 30, 2018

Rate of Teen Attempted Suicide Across Cuyahoga County Isn't as High as CMSD's, but Still Shocking

Posted By on Thu, Aug 30, 2018 at 10:53 AM


New data from the Prevention Research Center (PRS) for Healthy Neighborhoods at Case Western Reserve University confirm and add to shocking statistics about suicidality among the region's youth. PRS surveyed more than 14,000 students at 45 county high schools in 2017. One in six teens reported that they had seriously considered suicide. Nearly 12 percent had actually attempted suicide.

More than 30 percent of students reported sustained feelings of sadness or hopelessness. Slightly more students (31.6 percent) said they personally knew someone who'd committed suicide.

The data from the full Youth Risk Behavior Survey can be found here. The numbers in the image below are for students overall, but the prevalence of depression and suicidal thoughts increase significantly for "sexual minority" students, those who identified as lesbian, gay or bisexual. (The number of transgender students was too small for accurate analysis.)

Among sexual minorities, 59 percent reported depressive symptoms, 40 percent had seriously considered suicide and slightly less than 25 percent had attempted suicide.
click to enlarge yrbs_suicide.png

These are numbers for students countywide. In 2015, a Center for Disease Control (CDC) report found that 20 percent of high school students enrolled at in the Cleveland Metropolitan School District had tried to kill themselves. That was was the highest rate of attempted suicide among the 19 urban school districts the CDC surveyed.

The PRS survey found that students who reported a greater number of "protective factors" —  participating in extracurricular activities, engaging in volunteer activities, getting good grades — mitigated personal risk-taking. Those students reported significantly fewer behaviors associated with health risk.

"Young people feeling like they matter in their communities, that they can impact what happens in their school, and who talk with their parents about school, are also protective factors," wrote the Center for Community Solutions in its summary of the report. 

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