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Monday, August 10, 2020

Cleveland Has 11th-Highest Levels of Light Pollution in the U.S., According to Study

Posted By on Mon, Aug 10, 2020 at 3:57 PM

  • Joshua Rothhaas/FlickrCC
Could Cleveland’s light pollution be keeping the city's residents up at night?

That's what the authors of a new study by Sleep Junkie and Savvy Sleeper believe could be happening. Analyzing the top-100 most populous cities in the U.S., the researchers found that Cleveland has the dubious distinction of ranking No. 11 among the nation's cities with the highest levels of light pollution, and No. 9 in cities where people reported getting less than seven hours of sleep each night.

The researchers used a combination of data from, the CDC’s 500 Cities Project, and a survey of nearly 1,000 people.

Aside from washing out the sight of the Milky Way from the night sky, light pollution, like regular pollution, can have a negative effect on people's health, because of the way it can disrupt people's biological clocks.

"There's a huge amount of evidence that lack of sleep contributes to lower cognitive ability during waking hours, and that productivity, mental health, and social life are dramatically affected when people are sleep deprived," Sleep Junkie's Editor-in-Chief Meg Riley says.

In the meantime, the study's authors advise not looking at your phone, computer or TV just before going to bed.

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Virtual Edition of Annual Laughter CAN Cure to Take Place on Aug. 26

Posted By on Mon, Aug 10, 2020 at 3:24 PM

Cleveland native Michael Ivy will host the annual American Cancer Society Cancer Action Network’s Laughter CAN Cure benefit that takes place at 7 p.m. on Aug. 26.

Because of coronavirus concerns, this year's event will be a virtual event.

Local comedians including Bill Squire, Deena Nyer Medlowitz and Mike Head will perform along with musical guests Box of Squirrels. Participants will also have an opportunity to participate in a virtual silent auction.

Tickets are $10. A link will be sent to ticket holders before the show.

The American Cancer Society Cancer Action Network (ACS CAN) aims to  empower advocates across the country to "make their voices heard and influence evidence-based public policy change as well as legislative and regulatory solutions that will reduce the cancer burden."

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Sixth City Sailor's Club to Open in Former Hodge's Space Downtown on Friday, August 14

Posted By on Mon, Aug 10, 2020 at 1:26 PM

After a few preview events for its downtown neighbors, Sixth City Sailor’s Club (668 Euclid Ave.) is ready to set sail. The bar and restaurant, which is spearheaded by Joseph Fredrickson and the team from Society Lounge, will open in the former Hodge’s space downtown this Friday, August 14.

The goal is to squeeze every last drop out of summer and fall on the spacious courtyard patio and outdoor bar, says Fredrickson.

“We die in summertime at Society because we have no patio and we have a high threshold of entry because the cocktails aren’t easy to make and take a team to bang out,” he explains. “This will be low-threshold, where you can get a High Life and a burger for under 10 bucks. And it will have a lot of fun and playfulness that we don’t normally dip into because it’s more refined at Society.”

Fredrickson says that the goal is to be fast, affordable and approachable by offering slushie drinks, draft cocktails and quick-fire cocktails, the opposite of what guests have come to expect from Society’s craft cocktail experience.

“First and foremost, I want to be a neighborhood bar,” he explains. “As a downtowner myself, I feel like that’s something I’m missing.”

While Fredrickson stresses that Sixth City “is a bar first and restaurant second,” consulting chef Jeff Jarrett has conceived a fun menu with a beachy theme supplemented by a strong Cleveland ethos. Starters like New England clam chowder, shrimp fritters and fried clams sit side-by-side with a pierogi flight with various fillings.

Handhelds will include a Polish Boy starring Cleveland kielbasa, BBQ sauce, fries and slaw, but also a shrimp Po’ Boy with shredded lettuce, tartar sauce, broccoli slaw and Old Bay. Other sandwiches will be built around braised short rib, crab cakes, beer-battered walleye and butter-poached lobster. Thin 4-ounce smash burgers can be stacked to your heart’s content. In the entrée department are fried chicken, fish and chips and steak frites dripping with foie gras butter.

Diners can look forward to a fall filled with clambakes under heat lamps and other season-extending activities.

Nearby neighbors also can expect late-night food options for carryout and delivery.

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Fire Department Rescues Parachutist Who Got Stuck on the Side of The Reserve Square Apartment Building Downtown

Posted By on Mon, Aug 10, 2020 at 11:55 AM


In one of the more unusual fire department dispatches in recent memory, crews had to rescue a parachutist Sunday night around 2 a.m. from the side of a building in downtown Cleveland.

The man, who was in his 30s, didn't fare as well as his fellow jumpers who navigated a path from a plane to a nearby park. Instead, he ended up tangled on the side of the Reserve Square Apartments, some 40 feet in the air.

Thankfully, his descent was caught on video, which you can watch right here.

"Oh damn, he's stuck as fuck. We gotta help him," said the man filming him.

The nasty sound captured when he collided with the building was, in fact, indicative of the force of the impact: The man broke his ankle and had to be treated at Metro.

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Dan Gilbert LLC Just Bought Two Mansions in Palm Beach For More than $40 Million

Posted By on Mon, Aug 10, 2020 at 10:42 AM

An LLC linked to Cavs owner Dan Gilbert just purchased the 11,000-square-foot Palm Beach mansion featured in the video above for $24.5 million. The listed address of the buyer, "Golden Crate LLC," is that of Quicken Loans, in Detroit.

A Florida real estate blog reported that a document filed with the city of Palm Beach was signed by Matthew Rizik, current CFO of Gilbert's Rock Ventures.

Literally the day before, Palm Beach outlets reported, the same Gilbert-linked LLC purchased an $18.75 million mansion in the same area. That home, however, is only 5,000 square feet. Ho-hum. 

Who knows whether Gilbert intends to use these for personal use, as investment properties or something else. The $24.5-million Mediterranean estate in the video above, which reportedly has nine-and-a-half bathrooms, was last sold for $20.38 million, netting the previous owner a cool $4 million.

Gilbert's personal fortune was revealed to have ballooned to $34 billion last week, after the initial public offering of Rocket Cos. corporate stock. He is now the 28th-richest person on planet earth.

Cleveland, Ohio, and Cuyahoga County, meanwhile, on the brink of crippling economic crises spawned by the coronavirus, will be paying off the debt on renovations to the Rocket Mortgage FieldHouse, a venue where fans may not congregate for several years, until 2034. 

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Native Americans Demand More Recognition From Universities They Funded Through Land Sales, Sometimes Unwillingly

Posted By on Mon, Aug 10, 2020 at 10:10 AM

  • AdobeStock
This story was funded by a grant from the Pulitzer Center on Crisis Reporting

Growing up in Cleveland, Cherokee tribal member Nicole Doran said Chief Wahoo always made her uncomfortable.

"I remember growing up and seeing this caricature of Native Americans that I knew wasn't true," Doran said.

Later she earned a biology degree at the Ohio State University. Doran loved the campus and appreciated the opportunities given to her, but she was not happy about the lack of Native American acknowledgement on campus. Instead, she found the university took pride in their status as a "Land Grant" university. The school sits in the heart of Columbus, home to the best-selling Land Grant beer.

"There's nothing really on campus that signifies the Native American history of the land," she said.

In recent months, outrage over racial injustices has sparked protests across the country. This outrage has helped uncover hidden histories and spark new conversations regarding the treatment of minorities in America. One area of discussion has been the place of minorities in higher education, particularly as many states created renowned public universities from the proceeds of land sales from Native American cessations.

In Ohio, land grant funds went to one of America's most prominent schools, The Ohio State University. According to research conducted by High Country News, the 1862 Morrill Act redistributed nearly 10.7 million acres from nearly 250 tribes, through 160 land cessions, the legal term for giving up territory.

Eye on Ohio mapped all lands that supported Ohio schools, a total of 4,411 parcels spread out over 14 states. (Though only 4,060 could be mapped. Click here to see our code and methodology.)

The Morrill Act and Ohio State University

Starting in 1862, the federal government gave Ohio 630,000 acres of public domain land to sell to establish Ohio State.

All of this land was out of state and included parcels in Mississippi, Michigan, Missouri, Florida, Kansas, Nebraska, Iowa, Wisconsin, Minnesota, California, South Dakota, Oregon, Colorado, and Washington.

The U.S. paid $35,410 for the land and land sales raised $340,818, creating a return nearly ten times the purchase amount. When adjusted for inflation, the U.S. would have paid $1,015,519 in current dollars for 614,165 acres of land with the university raising $6,849,131.

(The Second Morrill Act of 1890 supplemented funds from the original law and provided for the nation's black colleges, which were not part of the 1862 act. Central State University near Dayton, Ohio started in 1887 as a publicly-funded department within private Wilberforce University, a historically Black college. So CSU is a land grant school but the lands sold to support it were not included in the survey.)

The United States government paid less than $400,000 to remove Indigenous titles from all Native lands, usually obtained through force or by treaties that the government never ratified, said Robert Lee, a lecturer in American History at the University of Cambridge.

Lee traced 97.5% of the land sales for Ohio under the 1862 law. Much of the land sold came from several tribes, including several Chippewa, Ottawa, Osage, and Sioux bands. Out of the 162 lands listed in Lee's research, 96 were taken by unratified treaties, 53 were ceded by treaties, and eight were taken either by executive order or without a treaty. How the other four pieces of land were obtained is unknown.

Michael Charles, a member of Navajo nation and a doctoral student at Ohio State, said data like this continues a narrative in Native communities that universities are not for them or in support of them.

"These universities can be seen as the evil system that keeps taking and taking," he said.

According to fall 2019 statistics, American Indian students made up just 0.1% of the student population on the Ohio State Columbus campus, though nationally, 0.7% of Americans are Native American alone. In total, 1.7% or 5.7 million people identified as Native American alone or in combination with another race.

But, Charles said research like this can help universities acknowledge more of their history and help them to become allies to current and future Native students. He also said this data could help higher education better understand why Indigenous youth may not consider pursuing a college degree.

"I think this is a very specific way that universities can start to understand kind of the conflict between Native people and universities," Charles said.

OSU and Columbus Area Today

Today, Ohio State University has taken steps to create an inclusive environment for all, including American Indians.

"Today, the university's commitment to diversity and inclusion has never been stronger," Benjamin Johnson, Director of Media Relations at OSU, said via email.

Part of that commitment has been to create groups and programs on campus centered on Native culture. Native American student groups on campus include the Native American Indigenous Peoples Cohort and the American Indian Science and Engineering Society. OSU also offers courses in American Indian studies, including a minor.

The university also operates the Newark Earthworks Center. The center researches American Indian cultures and their contributions to architecture and other scientific achievements in the Midwest. Like other universities, OSU is responding to recent concerns of racial inequity with a task force. Johnson said the school's intercultural specialist for American Indian/Indigenous, Melissa Beard Jacob, serves with the group.

To acknowledge Native American lands, OSU has a land acknowledgment posted on its Multicultural Center website.

Charles said that an effective way for OSU to recruit more Indigenous students would be to send Native faculty out to the reservations and other large Indigenous communities. He also said the university should initiate a "bridge program" that would help the students make a successful transition into university life.

"It's going to have to take initiatives on both ends at the same time to make sure we recruit," Charles said. "And make sure we have people responsible for making sure they're coming into a community set-up that's going to set them up for success."

Former OSU student Nicole Doran also said she thinks the university could do more outside of the land acknowledgment to address Native American history in Columbus and on the Ohio State campus.

"I think the land acknowledgment is definitely a first step, but it can come off as very performative," she said.

Doran spoke of the Society of American Indians, the first American Indian activist group, on campus. They first met in 1911. But, Doran said there was nothing on campus that marked this historic event.

Groups like Land-Grant Fierce still celebrate the legacy of Ohio State's beginning, though in April they called High Country's expose the land grant university's "original sin."

Off-campus, the history of OSU's land grant pride still prevails.

Land Grant Brewery, run by two OSU alumnus, Adam Benner and Walt Keys, first opened its doors to the public in 2014 after a successful 2012 Kickstarter campaign. After discovering their original name, Oval Brewing, was already copyrighted, Benner said they decided land-grant gave the same feel and gave a nod to their beloved alma mater.

"If you didn't understand land grants or what a land grant college came from, then the name still had a strong feel to it," Benner said. "And then we could still tell that story of what happened with the land grant act and how it established higher education throughout the country and that whole history."

Benner said he was now aware of the history of where the Morrill Grant's land came from but said the brewery takes pride in its name for how the grant made higher education more accessible for those outside of the upper-class and minority races.

"What we talk about every time we give a tour and why we are proud of the land grant heritage is that it was a law that was written right around the time of the civil war and was signed by Abraham Lincoln and the way it was written was that it couldn't preclude race," he said.

Benner acknowledges that the Morrill Act could have added to America's history of mistreatment of American Indians and that there is more to uncover of our nation's history.

"There's a lot to look into from our entire nation's history," Benner said. "I think our entire nation's history unfortunately has a red stain on it from how the Natives were treated early on."

A Growing Recognition of Native Rights and Representation Beyond Grants

In a landmark decision in July, the US Supreme Court ruled in favor of a defendant who asked for a new trial because he said his alleged crime had taken place on land owned by the Muscogee (Creek) Nation of Oklahoma. The ruling is significant because much of eastern Oklahoma, including most of Tulsa, is historically Native land.

John Low, an OSU at Newark professor and member of the Pokagon band of the Potawatomi tribe, said the Supreme Court's decision to honor Native treaties is a big win for the Native American community.

"It's an important victory for tribal sovereignty and honoring treaty rights," Low said. "It's a watershed moment."

While this decision calls for celebration, Low said there is more that needs to be done by the government to allow for tribal sovereignty.

"It's time for Indians, as an expression of their sovereignty to arrest and prosecute felonies," Low said.

After years of refusing, the Washington DC National Football League team recently announced they would change their name. This name change has caused other sports teams with Native American names to consider changing logos or names, including the Cleveland Indians.

For years, American Indians and American Indian groups have fought against the use of racist Native American names, logos, and mascots, with many stating the harm these images do for the Native American community. According to the National Congress of American Indians, "derogatory 'Indian' sports mascots have serious psychological, social and cultural consequences for Native Americans, especially Native youth."

Even with these concerns for stereotypes and Native youth, these negative images of Natives persist, and Low says they remain for one reason.

"The only reason why they have gotten away with it is because people know nothing about us or our influences," he said.

Low said the removal of these mascots would help distinguish stereotypes surrounding Natives.

"The sooner we get rid of the mascots, the sooner we get rid of the stereotypes," Low said.

This collaboration is funded in part by a grant from the Pulitzer Center on Crisis Reporting, the Ohio News Media Foundation and The George Gund Foundation, and produced in association with Media in the Public Interest. Original story:

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Nearly 80 Ohio School Districts Use Native American Names and Mascots, 13 Consider Changing

Posted By on Mon, Aug 10, 2020 at 10:08 AM

  • Cuyahoga Heights High School

A Columbus Dispatch report published this weekend polled the athletic programs of 79 Ohio school districts that use Native American team names and mascots. Motivated by changes in professional sports and by national conversations around racial justice, at least thirteen of them are considering changes.

The Dispatch found that three districts in Cincinnati had already changed their names and that five districts statewied had de-emphasized Native logos or branding. Among them, surely, is Cuyahoga County's Fairview Park High School, which last year adopted a new Warrior mascot. Many of the "Warrior" logos at Ohio high schools use Native imagery. Others, like Fairview Park's new one, employ a Spartan or Trojan theme.

In 2018, the Talawanda School District in western Ohio removed their Native American mascot and changed their name from "Braves" to the more abstract "Brave." That decision was preceded by a letter from the Native American Rights Fund detailing the harmful effects of the mascot.

The Dispatch reported that in Cuyahoga County, Cuyahoga Heights High School is one of the schools considering a name change. Cuyahoga Heights uses the same racial slur formerly used by the Washington pro football team.

When Scene reached out to superintendent Tom Evans, he said he had no comment.

"We are 100-percent focused on preparing to open school under the current circumstances," he said. "Once that happens we will reopen the discussion and present a plan."

Unmentioned in the Dispatch report was nearby Parma Senior High School, which has already begun a series of virtual community conversations around its name and mascot: the "Redmen." Superintendent Charles Smialek told Scene that the district wanted to gather perspectives from students, alumni and the community before announcing a decision about a potential change.

"To this point, with little exception, the meetings have been both passionate and respectful," he said.

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